مشخصات کلی Anaphylaxis to supplemental oral lactase enzyme
نویسنده کتاب (Author):
ویرایش و نوع فایل (Edition/Format):
Downloadable article : English
عنوان ژورنال (Publication):
BioMed Central Ltd.
Anaphylaxis, Lactase allergy, Aspergillus, Lactose intolerance, IgE mediated
توضیحات خلاصه (Summary):
Abstract Background Anaphylactic reactions involving IgE mediated hypersensitivity have been frequently reported for a number of uncommon foods. However, cases of anaphylaxis to over the counter vitamins and oral supplements have been rarely published. Lactose intolerance affects approximately 20% of Canadians and roughly 70% of the world’s population of any age. Lactose intolerance develops primarily due to the absence of the enzyme lactase and treatment involves avoidance of lactose-containing foods or ingestion of commercially available lactase enzyme preparations prior to their consumption. This case report represents the first documented evidence of anaphylaxis after exposure to supplemental lactase enzyme preparation. Case presentation A 38 years old Caucasian female presented with a history of self-diagnosed adult-onset lactose intolerance and a suspected allergy to lactase containing tablets. She reported an episode of bilateral orbital swelling, shortness of breath, and throat constriction after oral ingestion of a supplemental lactase enzyme tablet. Her symptoms slowly resolved with the administration of inhaled salbutamol and oral diphenhydramine. She handled lactase tablets for years to her children who were lactose intolerant, but had never ingested the tablets herself prior to the reported episode. In clinic, physical examination was benign, and skin prick testing to a slurry of the lactase tablet revealed a strongly positive reaction wheal size of 10 mm and flare of 60 mm with normal controls. The patient reported throat tightness and constriction after skin prick testing and required cetirizine treatment and observation in clinic. Subsequent skin testing was performed with individual ingredients of the lactase tablet provided by the manufacturer and Aspergillus niger , a common bacteria used in lactase preparations. Only concentrated lactase enzyme elicited a positive response. The patient was diagnosed with lactase tablet induced anaphylaxis due to Read more…
ژانر / فرم:Case report
نوع منبع:Internet Resource, Article
تمام نویسندگان / همکاران: Voisin, M.; Borici-Mazi, R.